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What causes Bunions

What is a Bunion?

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What causes bunions? Bunions are painful bone protrusions, commonly caused by wearing shoes that are too tight. They typically form on the inside edge of the big toe at the first metatarsal joint. If left untreated, you may experience bunion pain, but more importantly, it may lead to major foot problems. The movement of the big toe can cause the second toe to shift as well, deforming the foot in the process. Red, calloused skin may also be present at the site of the foot bunion. Fortunately, there are a number of conventional and surgical options available to alleviate the symptoms or completely remove bunions.

Mild

Mild

Moderate

Moderate

Large

Large

Severe

Severe

Conventional Bunion Treatment

One of the easiest ways to treat bunions is to wear more comfortable shoes. Bunions develop when the deep toe box is too narrow, effectively pinching the toes. If you have a bunion, you should switch to shoes with roomier deep toe boxes, low or flat heels, and adequate arch support. Custom orthotics, such as bunion pads or insoles, can be worn inside the shoes to relieve the pressure on the big toe by distributing your weight better. A trained podiatrist like Dr. Moy can recommend the best orthotic for you.

Mole skin or felt patches can be worn over the bunion to prevent it from rubbing on the inside of your shoes. The pain can also be managed using over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medicines like ibuprofen or aspirin. Dr. Moy can let you know which pain reliever is best suited for you. Ice packs can also be used to help reduce swelling. Ice should be kept in a cloth or towel and applied for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Your foot should be elevated during application.


X-Ray Barefoot

xray barefoot

X-Ray In Heels

xray heels